River Restoration @ University of Nottingham
Developing a strong science basis for the design of river restoration schemes is been an important area of activity for the River Science research group. Some of this work has been carried out through NERC’s LOCAR and CONNECT B initiatives in the UK. A further project explores sediment dynamics and morphological adjustments in the Lower Mississippi River funded as part of plans to divert water and sediment out of the river to restore coastal wetlands and provide improved hurricane protection to the Louisiana Coastal Area (LCA). The development of engineering, geomorphology and computational fluid dynamics modelling is an area of future development.

At a smaller scale, research on the River Cole, Birmingham is exploring the development of aquatic and riparian habitat features in a newly-cut reach at Coleshill, focusing on the structure of the riparian zone and the development of morphohydraulic features in the river channel 6 years after large scale restoration works.

Recent publications:

Clifford, N. J. (2007) River restoration: paradigms, paradoxes and the urban dimension. Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 7: 57–68.

Clifford, N. J., Gurnell, A. M., Harvey, G. L., (2008) Towards an ecologically meaningful classification of the flow biotope for river inventory, rehabilitation, design and appraisal. Journal of Environmental Management 88: 638-650 [online]

Clifford, N. J., Harmar, O. P, Harvey, G., Petts, G. E. (2006) Physical habitat, eco-hydraulics and river design: a review and re-evaluation of some popular concepts and methods. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 16 (4): 389-408.

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